Netaji and his controversial death... Remembering the legend

Aditi Saraswat

"Give me blood and I shall give you freedom”  

Subhash Chandra Bose fondly known as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, was born on 23 January,1897,in Cuttack, Orrisa (now Odisha), to Janakinath Bose and Prabhadevi. He died on 18 August 1945. His father was a successful lawyer in Cuttack and later on also got felicitated with the title of “Rai Bahadur”.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is recognized for his contribution in the freedom struggle.  From establishing and leading the Indian National Army, to forming alliances against British government during the World War II, Netaji was among the key figures to lay the foundation of the modern Indian State.

Subhash Chandra Bose passed his B.A in philosophy from the Presidency College, Calcutta. He was deeply influenced by Swami Vivekananda’s teachings. Netaji worked under the mentor ship of the then congress leader Chitranjan Das who along with Motilal Nehru left this party to form Swaraj Party in 1922. In 1923 Bose was elected as the President of All India Youth Congress Committee and also was the secretary of Bengal State Congress. He also served as the Mayor of Calcutta in 1930. Netaji established a provincial government of free India or Azad Hind in 1943, in Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Bose was also known for his writing and revolution he brought through his books. Some of his books are :
  • An Indian Pilgrim.
  • The Indian Struggle 1
  • The Indian Struggle 2

There are many rumours regarding his death. Many of his followers refuse to accept that it was an accident. This Indian Nationalist Leader is believed to have died in a plane crash on 18 August 1945 .He had third degree burns on his body. Conspiracy theories appeared within hours of his death. Since then the files have a long shelf life, keeping alive various martial myths about Bose's demise

Controversies surrounding the death of Netaji: 

Many of his followers still refuse to accept that he died with third degree burns in this particular accident.However over the years, people have still raised questions on this issue. 

In a recent incident, someone called Syka Sen had filed an RTI questioning the government about the whereabouts of Netaji. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), responded saying that government after considering reports from various commissions, has concluded that Netaji indeed died in  a plane crash.

Of the many theories surrounding  his death, here are the major one's :


Major General GD Bakshi (now retired) in his book Bose:The Indian Samurai-Netaji and the INA Military Assessment claimed that Netaji didn’t die in a plane crash. It was a theory floated to facilitate his escape to Soviet Union.” Bose had gone there after escaping from Japan. He had made three radio broadcasts from Siberia, this was when the British came to know about his escape," Bakshi claimed.


On September 16,1985, A sadhu had died in Faizabad. After his death, the news came crawling as this person was none other than Bose himself.


Ever since the accident took place, there have been numerous accounts/theories on how the accident took place and how Netaji was suddenly lost or died in some way. Some say to have spotted him as religious sanyasi in UttarPradesh , while some say he was in Naga hill country of Assam. 

Other stories swear by his appearance in Russia, in the Chinese army, in Germany in 1941, one say to spot him at Mahatma Gandhi's funeral. Over the year's , some pictures have still cropped up to claim that Netaji was spotted as a person after 1945, but none of them were strong enough to question the strong and widely accepted news of his demise.

Nonetheless, the mystery remains unsolved…

Post a Comment