Harsihankar Parsai: the king of sattire

Anagha Telang

A writer who made "SATTIRE" a former genre in the field of Hindi Literature, whose writing won the hearts of many people just through his simplicity and humor, and reflected the realities of the society in his stories: Harishankar Parsai. 

Early life

Parsai was born on 22 August, 1922 in a small village Jamani near Itarsi in Hoshangabad district, Madhya Pradesh. He completed his M.A. in Hindi from R.T.M. Nagpur University. At the age of 18 he got a job in the forest department of Khandwa which he quit after 6 months. Then for  6 months he taught in Khandwa. Later for Two years (1941-43) he took an education degree in Space Training Colleges in Jabalpur. From 1942 he started teaching at Model High School and in 1952 he left the government job.  He did jobs in private schools from 1953 to 1957. In 1957 he left the job and started his work as an independent writer. 

Career as a writer
 He then settled in Jabalpur and started a literature magazine called Vasudha. Despite it being highly praised, he had to stop the magazine after the publication suffered economic losses. In the magazine 'Nai Duniya' "Suno Bhai Sadho" in the magzine 'Nai Kahaniyon' "panchwan column" & "Uljhi-Uljhi and in 'Kalpana' "Aur Ant Mein" were published. 

Hari Shankar Parsai used to give answers of readers in a column "POOCHHIYE PARSAI SE" in a Hindi News paper Deshbandhu published from Raipur and Jabalpur.

A collection of 21 selected stories translated into English by C. M. Naim was published in 1994: (Inspector Matadeen on the Moon).

His Ideology
Parsai was primarily a satirist, but his disgrace is not just for the sake of entertainment. He has repeatedly brought attention of the readers to the weaknesses and discrepancies in the society and the society which is making our life miserable. He curtailed corruption and exploitation in the social and political life, which was unique in Hindi satire-literature. Parasai defined his writings as a social action. He believed that true and original literature cannot be written without social experience.

Famous works

Satire Collections:
  • Premchand Ke Phaté Jootey (प्रेमचंद के फटे जूते)
  • Jaisé Unké Din Firé (जैसे उनके दिन फिरे)
  • Bus ki Yatra (बस की यात्रा)
  • Vaishnav Ki Fislan (वैष्णव की फ़िसलन)
  • Tirchchi Rekhayein (तिरछी रेखाएं)
  • Nindā Ras (निंदा रस)
  • Thithurtā Huā Ganatantra (ठिठुरता हुआ गणतन्त्र)
  • Hanste Hai Rote Hai(हँसते हैंं रोते हैंं)
  • Tab Ki Bāt(तब की बात)
  • Sadāchār Kā Taabij (सदाचार का तावीज़)
  • Bholārām kā Jeev (भोलाराम का जीव)
Essay Writings
Bhoot Ke Paon Peeche (भूत के पाँव पीछे)

Rani Naagphani Ki Kahani (रानी नागफनी की कहानी)

Short Novels:
  • Tut Ki Khoj (तट की खोज)
  • Jwala Aur Jul (ज्वाला और जल)
  • Viklaang Shraddhaa ka daur (विकलांग श्रद्धा का दौर)
  • Do naak waale log (दो नाक वाले लोग)
He won Sahitya Akademi Award in 1982, for his satire, "Viklaang Shraddha Ka Daur" 'विकलांग श्रद्धा का दौर.

Parsai died on 10 August 1995 in Jabalpur
Only the author who has a deep concern for social anomalies can be a true satirist. Parsai used creative time for constructive use. His whole literature appears to be relatable in the present day.

Parsai gave Hindi literature a new identity and gave it a different identity, for which Hindi literature will always be indebted to them.

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