National Broadcasting Day

Kriti Billore

On 23 July 1927, Indian Broadcasting company(IBC) organised first ever radio broadcasting from the Bombay Radio station. After that, every year, this day is celebrated as National Broadcasting Day.

  • Broadcasting in India began in July 1923 with programmes by the Radio Club of Bombay (now Mumbai).
  • On 23 July 1927, the private Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC) Ltd. was authorised to operate two radio stations in Bombay and Calcutta (now Kolkata).
  • The Bombay station began on 23 July, 1927 and Calcutta Station was established on 26 August 1927.
  • The first ever radio broadcast in India went on air from the Bombay Station on July 23, 1927 was by the British Viceroy of India Lord Irwin. 
  • The government took over the broadcasting facilities, beginning the Indian State Broadcasting Service (ISBS) on 1 April 1930 on an experimental basis for two years, and made it permanent in May 1932.

  • On 8 June 1936, the ISBS was renamed All India Radio.
  • In the present time, AIR is one of the largest broadcasting organisations in the world in terms of the number of languages of broadcast, the spectrum of socio-economic and cultural diversity that it serves.
  • AIR’s home service comprises 414 stations today located across the country, reaching almost 92 percent of the country’s area and 99.19 per cent of the total population.
  • AIR generates programs in 23 languages and 146 dialects.

  • On November 12, 1947, Mahatma Gandhi spoke on radio to the refugees from Pakistan, stationed at the camp at Kurukshetra. It was Gandhi’s first and last visit to the studio of AIR. November 12, is observed as the Public Service Broadcasting Day in India to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi’s first visit to All India Radio (AIR) studio.
  • Today, in 2018, the radio broadcast has completed 91 years in country. The All India Radio (AIR), now under Prasar Bharati.
  • The News Services Division of All India Radio disseminates news and comments to listeners in India and abroad. 

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