J.R.D. Tata the king of Indian industry

Kriti Billore

The person who helped India in industrial development and made Tata group reach heights of success and made it most reputed company of India. Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata popularly known as J.R.D. Tata from his childhood always admired airplanes and flying in it always fascinated him. Thus, he aimed to become a pilot. 

Personal Life
J.R.D Tata was born on 29 July 1904 in Paris, France. He was born in one of the richest family. His father Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata was an Indian and mother Suzanne Briere was French. He spent his childhood in France, so French became his first language. He met Louis Bleriot, the very prominent pilot, after meeting him he got very much interested in aircrafts and made them his dream. He studied in France, Japan and England. Also, he served in the French Army for a year. He wanted to continue his studies in University of Cambridge but he had to come to India in order to handle his family business Tata & Sons in 1925.

After he started working for the family business, within a year his father died and he had to takeover the position of his father as the director. He became the first Indian licensed pilot. 

In 1932, he started an aviation department in his business which was known as Tata Airlines and later known as Air India. In, 1938, he was elected as the chairman of Tata & Sons, he was the head of the largest industrial group and also his business became financialy successful in his leadership.

He then became the trustee of the Sir Dorabji Tata trust from 1932 and also contributed to establish the Tata Memorial Centre for Cancer, Research and Treatment in 1941. He tried expanding his business by forming a joint business with Dailmer Benz. This became a very successful company and dominated India's commercial vehicle market even before entering the passenger vehicle market.

Tata held his position as Chairman till 1978. At his of 87 he stepped down from Tata & Sons. 

He supervisied many institutions that were established to educate people. Like institutions for science, management, medical and art. These institutions include the Tata institute of Fundamental Research, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata institute of Social Sciences, national institute of Advanced Sciences and the National Centre for Performing Arts. In 1971 he formed the Family Planing Foundation.


He received international awards including 
  • The Tony Jannus Award in 1979 
  • Edward Warner Award of the International Civil Aviation Organisation, Canada in 1986
  • Padma Vibhushan in 1957
  • United Nations Population Award in 1992
  • Bharat Ratna in 1992. 

J.R.D Tata died in Geneva, Switzerland at the age of 89 on 29 November 1993 due to a kidney Infection. He was buried at the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris.

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