They work hard to stop Drug menace


Anagha Telang

The International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking is an International Day proposed by United Nations in order to fight against the substance abuse as well as the unlawful trade of drugs. Every year on June 26, all across the globe by millions of people this day is observed. This day is marked against the drug abuse and illegal trafficking; it is an initiative to determine and strengthen action and also to increase cooperation worldwide to achieve the goal of an international society which is free of this problem. On this day, various organizations committed to eradicate this issue and emphasize on the peaceful address of the challenges of illegal drugs. The basic motive behind observing this day is protecting the youth and promoting welfare of humankind.


About Drug Abuse...
Drug abuse or drug addiction is a psychiatric, social and psychological problem that not only affects the youth of the entire world but affects a large area of people of different age. It ruins the individuals and the society  socially, physically, culturally, emotionally and economically. Effecting the brain of the living, the drug brings in a broad range of disorders like fear, anxiety and a sense of insecurity in them. There are certain drugs like nicotine, cocaine, caffeine, heroine, morphine, cannabis, meth, etc that stimulate the grey matter and the nervous system causing serious damage.
Addiction to such drugs causes a severe loss of appetite and weight, constipation, increased anxiety and irritability, sleeplessness and gradual impairment of the system


Illicit Drug Trafficking...
Drug trafficking refers to international illegal trade that involves the production, cultivation, dissemination and sale of substance which is completely banned according to the basic laws. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime working on this matter and is effectively monitoring and researching illegal international drug markets in order to attain as much information on this issue. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes in their Drug Report estimates the market of the drugs at US$321.6 billion. The illicit drug trade is estimated to be approximately 1% of the international trade. The Northern trade routes and Balkan areas are the main drug trafficking areas that link Afghanistan to the massive market of other international drug markets in Eastern and Western Continents.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)...


UNODC is an international organisation which is working against illegal drug abuse and its production which is considered as an international crime. In the year 1997 when this organisation was established by merging the International Crime Prevention centre with the United Nations Drug Control Programme. United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime operates throughout the globe. This organ of the United Nations depends on contributions which are made voluntarily majorly by the governmental institutions. It is compulsory for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime to help in assisting the members for the struggle against illegal drug trafficking, increasing crime rates and international terror. In the annual declaration, the members of the organisation work to improve their efforts to fight and combat the increasing crime rate in the illegal drug industry in all its form.

History...
The International Day against Drug and Illicit Trafficking is observed annually on 26th of June, since 1988, a date selected to commemorate the destruction of Lin Zexu, a figure in the opium trafficking and trade in Humen, Guangdong, preface to the First Opium War of China. On 7th of December 1987 at the 93rd plenary meeting on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking the United Nations’ General Assembly recalled its 40/122 resolution of 13 December, 1985 by which it decided to fight this menace. This meeting was the first step that initiated the Secretary-General to conduct an International Conference on Abuse of Drugs and its illegal distribution at the ministerial level, at Vienna in Austria.


Why this day...?
Every year on 26th June, International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking is celebrated worldwide. The main agenda of International Day against Drug and its illegal production is to raise a sense of responsibility into the masses, to encourage them to raise awareness about substance abuse and its illicit trafficking and brings sense of understanding about this menace to the people who suffer due to this problem. The aim to observe this day is to increase support for prevention of the production of drugs and its use and is thus a positive investment for the well-being of students and youth, their relatives and their communities. It emphasizes and puts on spotlight the significant effect of the clash between the healthy and dismantled environment. This day is dedicated towards the betterment of the lives of the people who are suffering from drug abuse and other addictions. The day acts as a reminder to the masses that these people must become participants in various rehabilitation programmes.

How...?
Since 1987, International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking is celebrated by organizing various seminars, exhibitions and lectures in all the countries where learned researchers, doctors and NGO workers take active part to spread the awareness of drug abuse. Masses are encouraged to get involved in the awareness raising campaigns and a lot of activities are scheduled for the entire day to disseminate the condition of drug abuse and its consequences on the individual and the family and friends around him. People feel free to come forward and share their experience of how they got addicted, what steps are they keeping in mind to stop, and what all measure must a person take to stay aloof from things like these.

The members of various organizations, rehabilitation centres and NGO’s along with the victim conduct media events, awareness campaigns and these activities let others join them either online or through real time experiences. The biggest issue with such social issues is that the victim does not feel confident to come and approach health care centre even if he wants to. Organizing such events benefits such victims and helps them acknowledge the significance of getting out and getting through this menace.

India
Few years ago a survey was conducted in India that revealed that there were around seven lakhs drug addicts in the country with more than one lakh in the metros of Mumbai, Delhi and Pune. Since then the government of India has introduced stringent rules to curb the menace of drug abuse and its trafficking. The Non-Governmental Organizations like Narcotic Anonymous provides counseling and treatment to several drugs abusers and restore their shattered lives. India’s governmental organisation, namely, Central Drugs Standard Control Organization annually takes part in various programmes that promote the eradication of drug abuse. They advise the Central Drug Administration in context of toxicity and quality of drugs. In addition to these, several organizations actively collaborate with the World Health Organisation (WHO) to prepare international standards and measures to eradicate substance abuse. Many such organizations organize events to raise awareness on the bad impacts of drugs on the day and provide special assistance and care to the people suffering from the abuse.


Some More Suggestions...
When drug abuse wide spreads both among the rich and poor section of society, it is all the more imperative that there is a need for community assistance to prevent drug abuse. In the war of drug abuse, the famous saying” Prevention is better than cure” is substantially relevant. The celebration of International Day against Drug Abuse and Drug Trafficking can also include:

  • People should wear black t-shirts to spread awareness about what importance does the day carries and special pamphlets should be distributed to let people read about the abuse.
  • The law enforcement bodies should also be more effective and accountable by following the examples of strategies that nations followed and have brought positive results in their nation. Huge smuggling and dealing should be fought by huge police resources.
  • Children need to be told at home about this problem and school as well. Families and counselors should to talk to the children and people who are in danger. 
  • Parents should look after their child and help them become responsible. They should encourage their child if he/she is a victim to keep self busy by opting for a job or visiting rehabilitation centers.
  • Basic education is the first step to eradicate this menace of abuse. Families should come together as a basic unit of society to play role towards the development of the child by being supportive towards him to fight his battle against the abuse.
  • The cultivation of the entire drug yielding crop should be banned and their production should be regulated by organizing anti cultivation drives on this day.

 Theme

Building on the success of last year, the theme for 2018 is: "Listen First - Listening to children and youth is the first step to help them grow healthy and safe." It is an initiative to increase support for prevention of drug use that is based on science and is thus an effective investment in the well-being of children and youth, their families and their communities.

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