123 years of the backbone of olympic games


Anagha Telang

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. They are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart.



The Olympic Movement encompasses a large number of national and international sporting organisations and federations, recognised media partners, as well as athletes, officials, judges, and every other person and institution that agrees to abide by the rules of the Olympic Charter. As the umbrella organisation of the Olympic Movement, the International Olympic Committee is responsible for selecting the host city, overseeing the planning of the Olympic Games, updating and approving the sports program, and negotiating sponsorship and broadcasting rights.



The Olympic Movement is made of three major elements:

  • International Federations are the governing bodies that supervise a sport at an international level. There are currently 35 IFs in the Olympic Movement, representing each of the Olympic sports.


  • National Olympic Committees represent and regulate the Olympic Movement within each country.There are currently 205 NOCs recognised by the IOC.


  • Organising Committees for the Olympic Games are temporary committees responsible for the organisation of each Olympic Games. OCOGs are dissolved after each Games once the final report is delivered to the IOC.






What is IOC...?
The International Olympic Committee is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games. 

Mission & Role...

  • The stated mission of the International Olympic Committee is to promote Olympic throughout the world and to lead the Olympic Movement.


  • To encourage and support the organisation, development and coordination of sport and sports competitions;


  • To ensure the regular celebration of the Olympic Games;


  • To cooperate with the competent public or private organisations and authorities in the endeavour to place sport at the service of humanity and thereby to promote peace;


  • To act against any form of discrimination affecting the Olympic Movement;


  • To encourage and support the promotion of women in sport at all levels and in all structures with a view to implementing the principle of equality of men and women.


IOC current members...

  • Honarary President: Jacques Roges from Belgium


  • President: Thomas Bach from Germany


  • Co-Presidents
                        Juan Antonio Samaranch, Jr. from Spain
                        Uğur Erdener from Turkey
                        Anita DeFrantz from United States 

  • Executive Members
                                   Gunilla Lindberg from Sweden
                                  Wu Ching-kuo from Chinese Taipei
                                 Gian-Franco Kasper from Switzerland
                                 Angela Ruggiero from United States
                                 Sergey Bubka from Ukraine
                                 Ng Ser Miang from Singapore
                                 Willi Kaltschmitt Luján from Guatemala
                                 Robin E. Mitchell from Fiji
                                 Nicole Hoevertsz from Aruba

  • Director General: Christophe De Kepper from Belgium



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